Amani is the largest forested block within the East Usambara Mountains and occupies the southern extremity of these mountains. The Amani Botanical Garden, established in 1902, is one of the oldest Botanical Gardens in Africa. It covers 340 ha and more than 1 000 species of plants from all over the world have been introduced in the garden. This garden is valuable for conservation, education, and research. The Amani Nature Reserve consists of tall luxurious sub-montane forests and deciduous to semi-deciduous lowland forests with an Area (ha) of 8,380 ha (This includes 1,065 ha of submontane forest). Amani is located in the Tanga region and it falls within two districts Muheza and Korogwe

Altitudinal range approximately 300 – 1,128 m (Kimbo Peak), with a central plateau having a mean altitude of 930 m. The western side borders Lwengera Valley and rises sharply from lowlands at 150-300 m to form rocky escarpments, such as Mnyuzi Scarp.

The Amani proximity (40 km) of the Indian Ocean is the wettest of all the East Usambara forest blocks, with at least 100 mm of rain falling in most months. Monthly rainfall peaks April-May and October-December. Mean annual humidity is 87 % in the morning and 77 % at midday. The mean annual temperature at Amani Conservation Centre (900 m) is 20.6oC, with a mean daily minimum and maximum temperature of 16.3 oC and 24.9 oC, respectively. The hottest season is January-February and the coolest is July-September.

The reserve has exceptional conservation values that include a rain forest, biological diversity, endemic, endangered and threatened flora and fauna, water catchment, and soil conservation values. There are also historical sites and the famous Amani Botanical Garden without forgetting the ethical botanical values for the local community.

The Amani Nature Reserve is internationally renowned for the high number of endemism (i.e. those found here and nowhere else. For example, more than a quarter of the 30- odd species of amphibians and reptiles in East Usambara are found nowhere else in the world. Among plants, the submontane forests are especially rich in endemic species. The common tree species include Cephalosphaera usambarensis, Allanblackia stuhlmannii, Albizia  gummifera, Beilschmiedia kweo, Diospyros abyssinica, Englerodendron usambarense and Drypetes gerrardii. Epiphytic lichens and bryophytes are abundant, especially in steep summits.

The Usambara is famous as a home of most of the species of African violet Saintpaulia, named after Baron Walter von Saint Paulia Illaire, the German administrator of Tanga Province in the 1890s. Amani Nature Reserve is a center for biological diversity. The floristic composition is very diverse and there are 2012 vascular plants species per hector. Thus large propositions of the endemic species are found within Amani Natural Reserve. The Reserve has been likened to the African equivalent of the Galápagos Islands in terms of their endemism and biodiversity. Therefore, it is considered one of the most important forest blocks in Africa.

Approximately 3450 species of vascular plants recorded in the Usambara Mountains, over one quarter are likely to be endemic or near-endemic. In addition to the variety of plants, the mountains host a number of endemic or rare fauna species, including the Usambara eagle owl and a viviparous frog species.

East Usambara is roughly equal distance between the capital city of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam, and the center of the Northern tourism circuit, Moshi and Arusha. Muheza at the foot of mountains is a 4-5 hours’ drive on a good tarmac road from either Dar es Salaam (330 km) or Moshi (320 km) buses take 6-8 hours to reach Muheza. Muheza is 35 km (30 minutes from the coastal town of Tanga on a tarmac road. There is an airstrip at Tanga city, where local flights from Dar es Salaam and /via Zanzibar to Tanga operates.

For travelers reaching Muheza late for the afternoon bus to Amani, simple accommodation is available in Muheza but a wider choice and a higher standard of accommodation in Tanga city. Although the area has been the focus of conservation efforts and botanical research for over a century, the Amani Nature Reserve has only been a protected area since 1997. International efforts to preserve the beauty of the Usambara forests within its boundaries have met with much local success

Amani is very reaching with waterfalls, a beautiful viewpoint which you can also see the sunset, night walk, forest hiking, mountain biking, bird watching also apart from this one can enjoy the beauty of Tanga Amboni caves, the beautiful town of Pangani which is a small town in East Africa’s coast that was 50 km South of Tanga with long history culture the town has Arabic, German, Asian and British Colonial rules influence. Without forgetting the white beach sand of Saadani and the only National Park at the beach.

In Tanzania’s national parks, guided nature walks have been prohibited but are a unique feature of the nature reserve and offer an exciting opportunity to view the flora and fauna of the area up close. For the aspiring African botanist, Amani Nature Reserve’s incredible diversity of plant life – between 600 to 1,000 different species – is sure to attract. The East Usambara Conservation Area (Amani Nature Reserve created and maintains the nature trails, as well as training guides in an effort to encourage village collaboration and conservation efforts. Short or long walks can be arranged, and the guides are very knowledgeable about local species, bird and insect life, and traditional plant uses.

Tanzania Travel Tips

Our team carefully researched and focused on trips which attract people with the same interest and naturally get on well with each other through their shared interests.

Once you confirm your booking on a tour you will be sent further practical information – packing tips, detailed itineraries, including advice on health, passport and visa requirements, and minimum and maximum numbers of guests on tours.

Memorable meals are one of the hallmarks of an excellent holiday. With the support of the best cooks, the quality of food and drink service is guaranteed. Depending on the service level or type of tour you have chosen, pre-discussion with your tour planner is a win-win situation for an enjoyable diet. Other tours are accompanied by our cook and others are inclusive service from our accommodation partners include hotels, private camps, and luxury lodges.

The answer is absolute yes! The areas where safaris are organized are safe and free of political chaos. We conduct safaris in places that are politically stable to assure our clients’ safety and enjoyment.

Our Professional Safari Guides are well trained about wild animal behaviors and they have enough experience to lead our clients in the wilderness. Our vehicles are 4×4 Toyota Land Cruiser and Land Rovers with a hutched roof to give maximum visibility of a game.

African safaris guarantee unlimited sightseeing; millions of animals, birds, and plant life are the core characters of the African savanna. You roam across the countryside in search of Elephants, Lions, Rhinos, Cape buffalo, and Leopards (the so-called “Big Five”). On any given day, you will encounter Blue Wildebeests, Zebras, a large variety of antelope species, Gazelles, Giraffes, Baboons, and Hippos. The birdlife is fantastic – in some areas, up to 400 bird species have been identified! Think of the majestic Baobab tree (some tribes believe that the tree was indeed planted upside-down!), and there are hundreds of varieties of thorn trees! You will also see the acacia-dotted landscape, endless plains, majestic mountains, and the most beautiful sunsets and sunrises one could ever imagine! Think of a late afternoon thunderstorm, short but violent, and then the beautiful rainbow.

Tanzania destinations are accessible throughout the year but we advise you to take your tours during the dry session for the safari so as you can enjoy the best sightings at this time as the grasses and bush are at their least dense. July to October and December through February. The green session includes March through June. Discuss with us for the best option if you have also a plan to coincides with Wildebeest Migration in Serengeti National Park’

(We suggest you remember) insect repellent (the best way to prevent malaria and other insect-borne diseases), sunscreen, cap or hat, sunglasses, binoculars, detergent powder if you want to wash some clothes yourself, hand-wipes small flashlight, aspirin, diarrhea medicine, rain jacket, poncho, or collapsible umbrella, plastic bags (for wet clothes, swimsuit and for keeping dust away from camera equipment), Kleenex/toilet tissue a neck chain for eyeglasses if you take them off to use binoculars and cameras, any medical prescription you need, masking tape or labels for marking exposed films cans, film, extra camera batteries.

Although more than 200 languages and dialects are spoken throughout Africa, this presents no problem as English is spoken throughout East and Southern Africa. Apart from English, all our professional guides are multilingual so we get you covered.

African safaris guarantee unlimited sightseeing; millions of animals, birds, and plant life are the core characters of the African savanna. You roam across the countryside in search of Elephants, Lions, Rhinos, Cape buffalo, and Leopards (the so-called “Big Five”). On any given day, you will encounter Blue Wildebeests, Zebras, a large variety of antelope species, Gazelles, Giraffes, Baboons, and Hippos. The birdlife is fantastic – in some areas, up to 400 bird species have been identified! Think of the majestic Baobab tree (some tribes believe that the tree was indeed planted upside-down!), and there are hundreds of varieties of thorn trees! You will also see the acacia-dotted landscape, endless plains, majestic mountains, and the most beautiful sunsets and sunrises one could ever imagine! Think of a late afternoon thunderstorm, short but violent, and then the beautiful rainbow.